The Roar
The Roar


Six interchanges: The big pigs are to go the way of the dinosaurs

Shannon Boyd for the Kangaroos. (AAP Image/Richard Wainwright)
23rd May, 2018
6118 Reads

When does 120 kilograms not go into 17? When there are only six interchanges a match. The era of big pigs playing in the front row is just about over.

There is a fair bit of disquiet down in Canberra town right now, and it isn’t just because the frosts have arrived.

Many of the faithful who bleed green are upset about the impending departure of their behemoth front rowers, Junior Paulo and local junior Shannon Boyd, at season’s end.

What this issue really illustrates is the different realities of the club’s key stakeholders: the administration and the fans.

As fans, we love our club, win or lose. It isn’t a job. Our fandom starts from whenever we found a passion for our side and extends to the grave. While we understand the realities of players coming and going, we grow fond of them. We want some kept well outside of the realities of the salary cap or the realities of how a team needs to be constructed to be competitive.

The desire of fans to retain Boyd and Paulo really highlights how the loyalties of the fans can be out of step with the harsh reality that the CEO and coach have to deal with.

For Don Furner Jr, Peter Mulholland and Ricky Stuart, the brutal truth is that they could not justify spending over $500,000 a season for behemoth props like Paulo (123kgs) or Boyd (122kgs).

Why? There are four factors to be considered.

Factor 1: Heavier blokes play fewer minutes
Big units consistently need to be rested. Hauling around that amount of bulk is hard work.


Have a look at the average minutes played by the players who regularly feature in the front row in the NRL:

Name Minutes Weight Name Minutes Weight
R. James 76.4 106 D. Alvaro 46.2 108
A. Fifita 63.4 118 S. Taukeiaho 46.1 108
A. Blair 59.4 109 B. Matulino 45.4 107
M. Prior 59.1 105 M. Lodge 44.4 121
A. Woods 55.6 111 J. Paulo 43.9 123
D. Klemmer 55.1 116 S. Bolton 43.5 112
R. Campbell-Gillard 53.2 115 M. Scott 42.2 110
H. Ese’ese 51.7 107 N. Asofa-Solomona 42 115
P. Vaughan 51.3 110 M. King 41.7 105
M. Taupau 50.8 112 J. Waerea-Hargreaves 40.1 108
D. Napa 49.8 113 J. McLean 40 118
P. Terepo 49.6 106 J. Tamou 40 115
I. Soliola 49 100 K. Sims 39.8 108
J. Graham 48.8 107 T. Glasby 38.2 106
A. Fonua-Blake 47.9 118 T. Mannah 36.9 110
D. Saifiti 47.2 121 C. Welch 36.4 110
R. Packer 47 119 G. Burgess 35.8 120
J. Wallace 46.6 109 S. Boyd 34.9 122
T. Burgess 46.5 120 A. Paasi 34.7 111
J. Bromwich 46.3 114 J. Lillyman 33.9 104

While there are freaks like Andrew Fifita who can haul 118 kgs around the park effectively for three quarters of the game, as a general rule the heavier you are the fewer minutes you play.

Factor 2: Big players always require rotation
A coach must rotate his 17 players around to cover 1040 playing minutes per match. That works out to an average of 61 minutes and 12 seconds per player if spread evenly. However, it isn’t spread evenly. There are seven players who are rarely interchanged: the backs. Each one plays 80 minutes, or 560 minutes of combined match time.

That leaves the remaining ten players to cover 480 minutes between them at an average of 48 minutes each. That’s not unreasonable, especially when the hooker, lock and second rowers can be expected to do 60 minutes each minimum, or 240 minutes between them.

That leaves the remaining six players having to average 40 minutes each, which works out neatly if you want to carry two props who only do 80 minutes between them. However, the interchanges are about to be reduced.


Factor 3: Only six interchanges in 2019
Eight interchanges is a neat number when you have a four-man interchange bench, but cut it to six and things get more difficult.


To rest both props and then bring them back uses two-thirds of your interchanges, allowing only two changes for the rest of the team for the remainder of the game. That’s a big risk.

A risk that’s compounded when you get the inevitable injuries.

So the value of the big pig’s impact on the line is drastically counteracted by their inability to cover more positions if required. While the likes of Ryan James, Matt Prior, Paul Vaughan and Marty Taupau could cover most spots in the pack and do big minutes, the likes of Paulo and Boyd can’t as easily. They have little utility value and could be defensive liabilities if played for too long or out of position.

Factor 4: Balancing the salary cap
The current salary cap is $9,400,000 per club a season, to cover the 30 players each squad is required by the NRL to have. Averaged out across all 30 players – and assuming no bonuses for such things as players making rep teams – that comes to $313,333 apiece.

What does that sort of money buy you? I’m taking a guess, but I reckon that’d get you the likes of a Nelson Asofa-Solomona, or a Luke Bateman, or an Isaah Yeo, or a Peter Hiku. A good, solid player. Perhaps not a star, but very capable.

However, as we know from Josh Dugan’s desire to get ‘fullback money’, different positions get bigger salaries than others.

It is generally expected that the spine players will get the most money, while those on the least ($85,000 is the NRL minimum wage) will be fringe members of the squad, who play in the feeder club – either up-and-coming prospects or ageing players who can be called on to play a role.

Consider this team make up:

Hooker: $1,000,000
Second Row 1: $500,000 Second Row 2: $450,000
Lock: $500,000
Halfback: $675,000
Five Eighth: $575,000
Winger 1: $350,000 Centre 1: $500,000 Centre 2: $400,000 Winger 2: $375,000
Fullback: $750,000
Bench reserve one: $275,000 Bench Reserve two: $250,000 Bench reserve three: $175,000 Bench reserve four: $175,000

That’s $6,950,000 of your cap spent on just 15 of your 17 game-day players, leaving only $2,450,000 to get the last 15 players. That’s an average of $163,000 apiece.

However, add two props to that at $600,000 each and then you’ve got just $1,250,000 for the remaining 13 players in your squad – an average of $96,153.

That’s not the sort of money that can get you any great depth for when the injury or bad form fairy visits.

So, given a roster manager has to consider the need for players to do big minutes and have some utility value, as well as the impending change to six interchanges, along with the emphasis on spending your cap to achieve these first three factors, if you then pay over $500,000 for a prop, it needs to be for a Ryan James, Paul Vaughan or Andrew Fifita, who can cover lots of positions, do big minutes and have impact.

Gold Coast Titans player Ryan James

So while lots of Raiders supporters are lamenting the loss of Paulo and Boyd, you can see that there is method in the administration’s madness. They just couldn’t justify spending huge money on low-minute, impact players with no utility value – no matter how much they loved them.

It’s business. And if it isn’t managed well by you, then you’ll be replaced.


So the sad truth is that, with the institution of the six interchange rule, the big pigs of rugby league are about to become extinct.

While we will still remember with fondness the likes of Dallas Donnelly, Stan Jurd, Bob O’Reilly, George Rose and the footballer formerly known as ‘DogZilla’ smashing their generously endowed frames into the defensive lines, soon the legends are all that will be left.